Process Assessment – Adarsh Vidyalaya Yojana, Rajasthan

Michael and Susan Dell Foundation, Central Square Foundation


Service: Monitoring & Evaluation

The Adarsh Vidyalaya Yojana was launched in 2015 by the Department of Education, Government of Rajasthan, with Michael and Susan Dell Foundation (MSDF), Central Square Foundation (CSF), and the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) as key partners. The Yojana sought to improve student learning outcomes and increase enrolment in public schools. 

The objectives of the process assessment undertaken by Development Solutions, were to assess relevance, impact and sustainability of the program. 

Approach and methodology

The assessment retrospectively sought to understand and assess the interventions and processes, using a qualitative methodology. In-depth Interviews (IDIs) were undertaken with state and district officials, school principals and teachers, and focus group discussions (FGDs) with school management committee members, to understand their perspectives on the interventions implemented including their relevance, perceived impact and sustainability. Secondary data analysis using Government MIS data and available online resources was undertaken to validate the findings.

A total of 27 in-depth interviews at the state level and 18 at the district level, were undertaken with officials. In each of the 85 schools, interviews were undertaken with principals, teachers, and focus group discussions with members of the school management committee. In addition, two classrooms each were observed in the 85 schools and the MIS data was validated. 

A theory of change was developed in consultation with key partners (MSDF, CSF and BCG) and inputs from State level officials to define key outcomes of the Adarsh Yojna and guide the assessment.


The assessment enabled insights on the processes and achievement of outcomes to – improve access to schools, staff effectiveness, academic strengthening, stronger governance and monitoring, efficiencies through use of a state-wise MIS and community engagement in education.  The results were presented to the State Government and recommendations for continued investment and support, and strategies to ensure sustainability and phasing out assistance were provided